Vo Nguyen Giap – General of the Vietnam People’s Army

(All Vietnam) – General Giap did not participate in any military school, or go through any military ranks. He was just a history teacher at Lycée du Protectorat (later known as Chu Van An high school).

Vo Nguyen Giap received the rank of General on May 28th 1948 fiat 110/SL signed on January 20th 1948. He became the first General of the Vietnam People’s Army  at the age of 37.

General Vo Nguyen Giap at the age of 37 (Source: http://vnexpress.net/)

General Vo Nguyen Giap at the age of 37 (Source: http://vnexpress.net)

From August 1945 Vo Nguyen Giap was one of five members of the Central Standing Committee of the Communist Party of Indochina and become a member of the Politburo (replacing the Central Standing Committee) Vietnam Labour Party from 1951.

Vietnam People's Army Commander In Chief Vo Nguyen Giap (left) and President Hồ Chí Minh (right) (Source:http://vnexpress.net)

Vietnam People’s Army Commander In Chief Vo Nguyen Giap (left) and President Hồ Chí Minh (right) (Source:http://vnexpress.net)

Like all the preceding generals in the history of Vietnam, he focused his tactics on taking advantage of his forces against enemy’s superior forces. His idea of People’s War inherited from the idea of president Ho Chi Minh, the essence of the ancestors, world military knowledge, Marxist-Leninist military theory and from personal experience in battles.

President Ho Chi Minh (left) and General Vo Nguyen Giap (right) at the Dien Bien Phu Campaign (1954) (Source:http://vnexpress.net)

President Ho Chi Minh (left) and General Vo Nguyen Giap (right) at the Dien Bien Phu Campaign (1954)
(Source:http://vnexpress.net)

In 1954, President Ho Chi Minh and the Labour Party gave him full command of the Dien Bien Phu campaign. To him President Ho Chi Minh said: “Pay full attention to the campaign. You cannot loose this battle for if we loose we WILL loose everything”. General Giap confidently planned and commanded 4 out of 6 Vietnamese Infantry Legions (at that time they were the Legion number 308,304,312,316 and the 315 Mountain Gun Division) to besiege Dien Bien Phu. On May 7th 1954, The Vietnam People’s Army, under the leadership of General-Commander In Chief Vo Nguyen Giap defeated the professional and well-equipped army of the French Union, thus ended Indochina’s 83 years of slavery under the French Protectorate. After Dien Bien Phu, General Giap became a legend, a hero of the 3rd World, where enslaved people were watching. Everyone admired him and considered him to be the symbol of hope, a hope to overthrow colonialism and fighting for their own independence.



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